[182] The Hindu, Sikh, and Buddhist communities form a growing sector of the religious demographic after Judaism and Islam. Had these floodplain development rules had been in place all along, it is estimated that 84% of homes in the 100-year and 500-year floodplains would have been spared damage. 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[8] Houston is the southeast anchor of the greater megaregion known as the Texas Triangle.[9]. [265] The city of Houston's official 2010 census count was 600 shy of the required number; however, as the city was expected to grow beyond 2.1 million shortly thereafter, the two additional districts were added for, and the positions filled during, the August 2011 elections. [319], The eight-county Greater Houston metropolitan area contains over 25,000 miles (40,000 km) of roadway, of which 10%, or approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km), is limited-access highway. The ship channel continues past Galveston and then into the Gulf of Mexico. [23] However, the land remained largely uninhabited until settlement in the 1830s. Bayou Bend is the former home of Houston philanthropist Ima Hogg.[241]. [202] Twenty-five foreign banks representing 13 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community. Though primarily in Harris County, small portions of the city extend into Fort Bend and Montgomery counties, bordering other principal communities of Greater Houston such as Sugar Land and The Woodlands. ±Former community annexed by Missouri City, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. [199], In 2006, the Houston metropolitan area ranked first in Texas and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes magazine. [29], By 1860, Houston had emerged as a commercial and railroad hub for the export of cotton. [262] The current mayor of Houston is Sylvester Turner, a Democrat elected on a nonpartisan ballot. [318] A plurality of survey respondents also indicated that traffic congestion was the most significant problem facing the metropolitan area. Other nicknames often used by locals include "Bayou City", "Clutch City", "Crush City", "Magnolia City", "H-Town", and "Culinary Capital of the South". No significant historically recorded earthquakes have occurred in Houston, but researchers do not discount the possibility of such quakes having occurred in the deeper past, nor occurring in the future. [298], Rice University, located near the Museum District and Texas Medical Center, is the largest private research university in Houston. The region's geology developed from river deposits formed from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains. [259] In motorcycling, the Astrodome hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round from 1974 to 2003 and the NRG Stadium since 2003. [170] The same study says that area residents identifying with other religions (including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism) collectively made up about 7% of the area population. [13][39] In 1950, the availability of air conditioning provided impetus for many companies to relocate to Houston, where wages were lower than those in the North; this resulted in an economic boom and produced a key shift in the city's economy toward the energy sector.[40][41]. [268] As a result, the city is often a contested area in statewide elections. In addition, NRG Astrodome was the first indoor stadium in the world, built in 1965. [171] Since 2005, it has occupied the former Compaq Center sports stadium. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. [342] In 2006, the United States Department of Transportation named IAH the fastest-growing of the top ten airports in the United States. [169] The largest synagogues are Congregation Beth Yeshurun, a Conservative Jewish temple, and the Reform Jewish congregations Beth Israel and Emanu-El. The museum houses the original Popemobile used by Pope John Paul II in the 1980s along with numerous hearses, embalming displays, and information on famous funerals. [16] The Houston area is the top U.S. market for exports, surpassing New York City in 2013, according to data released by the U.S. Department of Commerce's International Trade Administration. Highways that follow the cardinal convention include U.S. Route 290 (Northwest Freeway), Interstate 45 north of Downtown (North Freeway), Interstate 10 east of Downtown (East Freeway), Texas State Highway 288 (South Freeway), and Interstate 69 south of Downtown (Southwest Freeway). A seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks links Downtown buildings containing shops and restaurants, enabling pedestrians to avoid summer heat and rain while walking between buildings. The Houston Dynamo is a Major League Soccer franchise that has been based in Houston since 2006, winning two MLS Cup titles in 2006 and 2007. From shop VibrantWallArts. Slightly west of the University of Houston is Texas Southern University (TSU), one of the largest historically black universities in the United States with approximately 10,000 students. According to a study in 2016 by Berman Jewish DataBank, 51,000 Jews lived in the area, an increase of 4,000 since 2001. [101] Houston's characteristic subtropical humidity often results in a higher apparent temperature, and summer mornings average over 90% relative humidity. It is the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a Downtown area in the United States. [179], Houston's Jewish community, estimated at 47,000 in 2001, has been present in the city since the 1800s. Development worth $13.5 billion", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010", "Fearing deportation, undocumented immigrants in Houston are avoiding hospitals and clinics", "For Houston's many undocumented immigrants, storm is just the latest challenge", "American Community Survey 2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates", "American cities saw uneven growth last decade, new census data show", "As Houston Keeps Expanding, So Does Suburban Apartment Construction", "2018 ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates", The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965-to the present, "Demographics show the changing face of Houston", "ACS 2018 Selected Social Characteristics", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Houston city, Texas 2018-2019", "Houston, Texas Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "Houston city, Texas – DP-1. About 62 percent of Hispanics (of any race) in the area are declared or favor Democrats. 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Located near the Museum District are The Menil Collection, Rothko Chapel, the Moody Center for the Arts and the Byzantine Fresco Chapel Museum. Pedestrian walk bridge over buffalo bayou Houston, Texas, USA Skyline. [140] Individuals from two or more races made up 2.1% of the city. The increased production of the expanded shipbuilding industry during World War II spurred Houston's growth,[42] as did the establishment in 1961 of NASA's "Manned Spacecraft Center" (renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1973). [336] In August 2017, Houston City Council approved spending for construction of 13 additional miles of bike trails. The Bayou Music Center stages live concerts, stage plays, and stand-up comedy. [316] Harris County is one of the largest consumers of gasoline in the United States, ranking second (behind Los Angeles County) in 2013. [158], Before the 1970s, the city's gay bars were spread around Downtown Houston and what is now midtown Houston. Houston is the seat of the Texas Medical Center, which describes itself as containing the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions. In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. Prep Leagues. [200] Ninety-one foreign governments have established consular offices in Houston's metropolitan area, the third-highest in the nation. [306][307] The Menninger Clinic, a psychiatric treatment center, is affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine and the Houston Methodist Hospital System. Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industry—particularly for oil and natural gas—as well as for biomedical research and aeronautics. [349], Houston's third municipal airport is Ellington Airport, used by the military, government (including NASA) and general aviation sectors. For other uses, see, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties The Greater Houston metropolitan area's independent schools offer education from a variety of different religious as well as secular viewpoints. [124] In places this led to feet of standing water that blocked streets and flooded homes. The Gerald D. Hines Waterwall Park—located in the Uptown District of the city—serves as a popular tourist attraction and for weddings and various celebrations. Three loop freeways provide north–south and east–west connectivity between Greater Houston's radial highways. [132][133], Per the American Community Survey's 2014-2018 estimates, Houston's age distribution was 486,083 under 15; 147,710 aged 15 to 19; 603,586 aged 20 to 34; 726,877 aged 35 to 59; and 357,834 aged 60 and older. [227][228][229], The Houston Theater District, located in Downtown, is home to nine major performing arts organizations and six performance halls. Click to view information about the Skyline prep leagues for girls & boys (Grades K – 8th). In addition to developing new streets and single-family housing within a floodplain, a flowing flood-water stream termed a floodway runs through the development area, a most dangerous place to encounter during any future flooding event. Westpark Tollway and Fort Bend Parkway are operated conjunctly with the Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority. [253] BBVA Compass Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium for the Houston Dynamo, the Texas Southern Tigers football team, and Houston Dash, located in East Downtown. The "Inner Loop" encompasses a 97-square-mile (250 km2) area which includes Downtown, pre–World War II residential neighborhoods and streetcar suburbs, and newer high-density apartment and townhouse developments. [128] In 2017, the census-estimated population rose to 2,312,717, and in 2018 to 2,325,502. [120], Because of Houston's wet season and proximity to the Gulf Coast, the city is prone to flooding from heavy rains; the most notable flooding events include Tropical Storm Allison in 2001 and Hurricane Harvey in 2017, along with most recent Tropical Storm Imelda in 2019. [13] They successfully lobbied the Republic of Texas Congress to designate Houston as the temporary capital, agreeing to provide the new government with a state capitol building. The Grand Prix of Houston, an annual auto race on the IndyCar Series circuit was held on a 1.7-mile temporary street circuit in NRG Park. [268] In 2009, Houston became the first U.S. city with a population over 1 million citizens to elect a gay mayor, by electing Annise Parker. [66] Flat terrain and extensive greenfield development have combined to worsen flooding. TDECU Stadium is where the University of Houston's Cougars football team plays. The thick, rich, sometimes black, surface soil is suitable for rice farming in suburban outskirts where the city continues to grow.[74][75]. Based on highest architectural feature, it is the 21st-tallest in the United States. [134] The median age was 33.1, up from 32.9 in 2017 and down from 33.5 in 2014; the city's youthfulness was attributed to an influx of an African American New Great Migration, Hispanic or Latin American, and Asian immigrants into Texas. About Skyline Displays Of Houston, A Leader Among Trade Show Display Companies In Houston Located in the great city of Houston, our design center offers … [325] Downtown and the Texas Medical Center have the highest rates of transit use in the region, largely due to the park and ride system, with nearly 60% of commuters in each district utilizing public transit to get to work. [320] The Houston region's extensive freeway system handles over 40% of the regional daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT). A large open space in front of city hall led to this wide angle view of a portion of the Houston skyline. After five years, 80.5% of graduates are still living and working in the region. [165], Houston and its metropolitan area are the third-most religious and Christian area by percentage of population in the United States, and second in Texas behind the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Landlocked farmers brought their produce to Houston, using Buffalo Bayou to gain access to Galveston and the Gulf of Mexico. [220][221], The city of Houston is highly regarded for its diverse food and restaurant culture. The Houston Community College System (HCC) serves most of Houston proper; its main campus and headquarters are located in Midtown. It is the largest city in the United States by total area, whose government is not consolidated with that of a county, parish, or borough. [citation needed] Around 2007, more heart surgeries were performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.[305]. Houston Skyline, from Old MKT Railroad Trestle over White Oak Bayou, near Studemont & I-10, Houston, Texas 0330090947BW (3399782698).jpg 989 × 734; 144 KB Houston is also one of the first cities in the world to have a major eSports team represent it, in the form of the Houston Outlaws. [9] After the Texas real estate collapse in late 1980s, the city saw no new major office buildings until 2002, when 1500 Louisiana Street was completed. [20][21][22] These tribes are almost nonexistent today; this was most likely caused by foreign disease, and competition with various settler groups in the 18th and 19th centuries. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league [2,214-acre (896 ha) tract] granted to her by her late husband. [290] The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities within the University of Houston System; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. The University of Houston System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF. The city controller is elected independently of the mayor and council. The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) provides public transportation in the form of buses, light rail, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, and paratransit to fifteen municipalities throughout the Greater Houston area and parts of unincorporated Harris County. ⬇ Download image of houston skyline - stock pictures and photos in the best photography agency reasonable prices millions of high quality and royalty-free stock photos and images. [6] Seven of the ten tallest buildings in Texas are located in Houston. In 1948, the city annexed several unincorporated areas, more than doubling its size. [134], Houston has a higher proportion of minorities than non-Hispanic whites. [340], The Houston Airport System, a branch of the municipal government, oversees the operation of three major public airports in the city. It is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, and an inter-institutional transplant program was developed. As of 2016, over 40 synagogues were in Greater Houston. [126], The 2010 United States Census reported that Houston had a population of 2,100,263 residents. Houston and its metropolitan area are served by the Houston Chronicle, its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. Toyota Center also has the largest screen for an indoor arena in the United States built to coincide with the arena's hosting of the 2013 NBA All-Star Game. In 2010, whites (including Hispanic whites) made up 57.6% of the city of Houston's population; 24.6% of the total population was non-Hispanic whites. Of the 10 most populous U.S. cities, Houston has the most total area of parks and green space, 56,405 acres (228 km2). [323] The Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan, updated annually, establishes the city's street hierarchy, identifies roadways in need of widening, and proposes new roadways in unserved areas. [171], The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, the largest Catholic jurisdiction in Texas and fifth-largest in the United States, was established in 1847. [208] In 2010, the city was rated the best city for shopping, according to Forbes. The downtown Houston skyline offers picturesque backdrops for everything from engagement to graduation photos and it will likely remain the go-to skyline. Approximately 470,000 people lived within the Interstate 610 loop, while 1.65 million lived between Interstate 610 and Beltway 8 and 2.25 million lived within Harris County outside Beltway 8 in 2015. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution – Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of Houston® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center – Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan – 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=1002185377, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 06:36. 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