Wild pygmy hippopotami are only found in West Africa. Pygmy hippos are currently threatened by a number of factors, which negatively affect the small population of this endangered species. The Pygmy Hippopotamus is a species of dwarf or very small hippopotamid, compared to the other common hippo species. A constant source of water is a vital life condition for Pygmy hippos, since it prevents their skin from drying and helps them control body temperature. The pygmy hippo is about one-fourth the size of a common hippo. The animals are known to mate in the water or on land. With their cavernous mouth and formidable teeth and tusks, the hippos need only “yawn” at potential enemies to send them packing. Although Pygmy hippos resemble their larger relatives, the Common Hippo, closer observation can define several differences. Discounts and offers vary by membership type and cannot be combined. This fluid, called blood sweat, helps to protect the animal's sensitive skin from sunburn. (160 to 270 kg), while river hippos can weigh up to 10 times more. Your gift membership offers a lifetime of memories and your loved ones will experience the special wonder of the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Zoo Safari Park when you give a gift membership today. Pygmy Hippos mate and give birth either on land or in the water and after a gestation period of 196 - 210 days, 1 well developed calf is born. The natural range of this species covers West Africa, including countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. Billy is an ancestor of almost all pygmy hippos living in American zoos. An adult individual of this species can dive for as long as 5 - 6 minutes at a time. Both sexes have home ranges, though those of males are much larger than those of females: a female's range covering 100-150 acres, and a male's covering about 400 acres. An average pygmy hippo would weigh between 245 and 275kg (540-610lbs). Pygmy Hippopotamus calves weigh just under 6kg at birth and are fully weaned by the time they are eight mont… Researchers believe that they most likely feed on leaves, roots, ferns, and fruits near rivers and streams. The pygmy hippo is reclusive and nocturnal. Individuals breed once every 7 - 9 months. Pygmy hippos are endangered with less than 3,000 left in the wild. The feet have four toes each with sharp nails. The Pygmy Hippo (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a mid-sized African ungulate featured in the Deluxe Edition of Planet Zoo.. Zoopedia Description General. Conservation Status: IUCN Two hippo species are found in Africa. These mammals maintain strictly herbivorous or plant-based diet, composed of herbs, broad-leaved plants, grasses, semi-aquatic plants, herbaceous shoots, forbs, sedges, ferns as well as occasional fallen fruits. Hippopotamus - Hippopotamus - Pygmy hippopotamus: The rare pygmy hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis, also known as Choeropsis liberiensis), the other living species of the family Hippopotamidae, is about the size of a domestic pig. Range & habitat. The majority of the … At birth the calf weighs between 4.5 and 6.2 kgs (9.9 - 13.7 lbs) and they can swim almost immediately. Its nose and ears close underwater just like a hippo's do, but its head is rounder and narr… Behavior. Fortunately, pygmy hippos breed well in zoos; however, more protection is needed for the wild populations so that they will not vanish altogether. When a baby pygmy hippo is born, their size is a little bigger than a piggy bank and only weighs 5 to 6 kg. Size and Weight: The hippo is one of the largest mammals on Earth. the Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or … Presently, the pygmy hippopotami has been declared as an endangered species. Body language is important in hippo culture. The pygmy hippo is the smaller cousin of the larger, more commonly known river hippo. Little is known about the behavior of pygmy hippos in the wild, but they are usually found by themselves or in pairs. Pygmy hippos compose a separate class of animals. Males, called bulls, have larger territories than cows (females) and both mark their homes with their droppings. The average weight of the male adult hippo is 1,500 to 1,800 Kg, and a female is at an average weight of about 1,300 to 1,500 Kg. The pygmy hippo has adaptations for spending time in the water but is much less aquatic than the hippo. Pygmy hippos are rarely found, easily recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population. These semi-aquatic mammals live and construct burrows along swamps and rivers, constantly remaining in close proximity to water. The average Pygmy hippo weighs about 272 kg (600 1b) and stands 84 cm (2 ft … Little is known of its habits in the wild. 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