Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. [33] Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism and traded salt with Western Tibet. [49][50] One who raised this was Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, who visited the region. The Indira Gandhi International Sports Stadium in Haldwani is the home ground of Uttarkhand football team. The Uttarakhand football team represents Uttarakhand in the Santosh Trophy and other leagues. B. K. Samant, Basanti Bisht, Chander Singh Rahi, Girish Tiwari 'Girda', Gopal Babu Goswami, Heera Singh Rana, Jeet Singh Negi, Meena Rana, Mohan Upreti, Narendra Singh Negi and Pritam Bhartwan are popular folk singers and musicians from the state, so are Bollywood singer Jubin Nautiyal and country singer Bobby Cash. [68][69] Music is an integral part of the Uttarakhandi culture. A distinctive characteristic of Uttarakhand cuisine is the sparing use of tomatoes, milk, and milk-based products. Kerala. [87] Rail, being the cheapest mode of transport, is most popular. [11], The confluence of the Bhagirathi, which flows in rapids with strong currents meets a much calmer river in the Alaknanda and this has been vividly described by the British captain Raper as:[15]. Best Dining in Uttarakhand: See 40,576 Tripadvisor traveller reviews of 1,275 Uttarakhand restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. They drink plenty of locally brewed liquor to bear the chillness. Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun, is the busiest airport in the state with six daily flights to Delhi Airport. New Delhi: MD Pub. [7] After building the Panch Kedar temples, the Pandavas mediated at Kedarnath for salvation, performed yagna (fire sacrifice) and then through the heavenly path called the Mahapanth (also called Swargarohini), attained heaven or salvation. Auxiliary authorities that govern at a local level are known as gram panchayats in rural areas, municipalities in urban areas and municipal corporations in metro areas. Hence, the confluence is named after him. Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri. 日本語 1 240 000+ 記事. How Valley of Flowers Got World Heritage, Site Tag. Guler State was known as the "cradle of Kangra paintings". Regions . The current Chief Minister of Uttarakhand is Trivendra Singh Rawat. One of the main railheads of the Northern Railways, Haridwar Junction Railway Station is connected by broad gauge line. The cuisines don't have complex spices. Uttarakhand is one of the fastest growing states in India, thanks to the massive growth in capital investment arising from conducive industrial policy and generous tax benefits. Temples dedicated to Rudranath (Shiva) and goddess Chamunda are located here. Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol is notable for its traditional wooden architecture. Butterflies and birds of the region include red helen (Papilio helenus), the great eggfly (Hypolimnos bolina), common tiger (Danaus genutia), pale wanderer (Pareronia avatar avatar), jungle babbler, tawny-bellied babbler, great slaty woodpecker, red-breasted parakeet, orange-breasted green pigeon and chestnut-winged cuckoo. [64] The judiciary consists of the Uttarakhand High Court, located at Nainital, and a system of lower courts. These lowland forests have mostly been cleared for agriculture, but a few pockets remain.[51]. Find Uttarakhand Floods Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Uttarakhand Floods and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker, or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Traditionally, the soaked split urad dal is ground in a stone mortar and pestle to get the fine paste for the vada. [85], Other key industries include tourism and hydropower, and there is prospective development in IT, ITES, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and automobile industries. From the spiritual Ghats of Ganga in Haridwar to the snow-capped mountains of Auli, Uttarakhand is viewed as a holy place. According to a 2007 study by Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Uttarakhand has the highest percentage of Brahmins of any state in India, with approximately 20% of the population being Brahmin. Apart from a few other minority Indo-Aryan languages, like Buksa Tharu and Rana Tharu (of Udham Singh Nagar district in the south-east), Mahasu Pahari (found in Uttarkashi in the north-west), and Doteli,[58] Uttarakhand is also home to a number of indigenous Sino-Tibetan languages, most of which are spoken in the north of the state. On 22 April 2016 the Supreme Court of India stayed the order of High Court till 27 April 2016, thereby once again reviving the President's Rule. According to the legend, Vishnu granted a boon of the birth of a son to Nanda and his wife Yashoda and also the same boon to Devaki, wife of Vasudeva. Русский 1 680 000+ статей. A temple built in recent times to commemorate Karna has the deity of goddess Uma Devi (daughter of the Himalayas) here. Some popular cuisines in Uttarakhand are: The Valley of Flowers; Myth and Reality. Being located on the hills the ingredients and produce here is free of any sort of adulteration, mixing or impurities and hence the food here is delicious and incredibly memorable. [59] Another indigenous Sino-Tibetan language, Rangas, became extinct by the middle of the 20th century. Roorkee comes under Northern Railway region of Indian Railways on the main Punjab – Mughal Sarai trunk route and is connected to major Indian cities. According to the Hindu philosophy, a place considered extremely holy if a river running through it flows in the northern direction. It is on this occasion little girls decorate the threshold of the houses with freshly picked flowers. E-mail : info@flexfoodsltd.com Delhi: Durga Publications. 2.46 trillion (US$ 33.4 billion). National parks in Uttarakhand include the Jim Corbett National Park (the oldest national park of India) in Nainital and Pauri Garhwal District, and Valley of Flowers National Park & Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, which together are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [citation needed] According to a widely narrated legend, Shiva performed the Tandava here, Tandava is a vigorous dance that is the source of the cycle of creation, preservation, and dissolution. Bhima, the second of the five Pandava brothers, then standing astride two mountains started to look for Shiva. [111] Roopkund is a trekking site, known for the mysterious skeletons found in a lake, which was featured by National Geographic Channel in a documentary. Cuisines of Uttarakhand are simple and made of locally grown ingredients. Legend narrates the worship offered by sage Narada to god Vishnu at this confluence. Web Information Manager Bhima caught hold of the bull by its tail and hind legs. Rudraprayag, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 20:02. 2004. Uttarakhand can be divided into several physiographic zones, all running parallel to each other from northwest to southeast. The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns.[28]. Coarse, local grains such as mandua and barley are consumed more than … New Delhi, India: Mittal Publications. Consequently, the bull was torn asunder into five parts and appeared at five locations in the Kedar Khand of Garhwal region of the Himalayas. Uttarakhand Cuisine Tour - The food items of Uttarakhand has been influenced by the number of factors, but none as important as the topography and lifestyle of the region itself. Princeton University Press. Kala, C.P. If you visit Uttarakhand, you will find women wearing gold kundal (earrings) and … [31], Ancient rock paintings, rock shelters, paleolithic stone tools (hundreds of thousands of years old), and megaliths provide evidence that the mountains of the region have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In addition, various fairs like Kanwar Yatra, Kandali Festival, Ramman, Harela Mela, Kauthig, Nauchandi Mela, Giddi Mela, Uttarayani Mela and Nanda Devi Raj Jat take place. Uttarakhand being a agricultural state and about 70 percent of the land in the hilly region, Mandua was a very popular food of the Uttarakhandi. Filed Under: About Uttrakhand, Best Hindi Post, Extra Knowledge, Hindi Rochak Tathay, Interesting Facts In Hindi, Intersting Facts In Hindi, Kaam Ki Baat, Nayichetana Motivation, Nayichetana.com, Online Website, रोचक तथ्य, हिन्दी निबन्ध, हिन्दी भाषण Tagged With: 10 lines about uttarakhand, 20 legends of uttarakhand, 30 facts of uttarakhand, 40 Amazing Facts About … Uttarakhand is known for its characteristic food items, one of which is Mandua ki roti of Uttarakhand. As a consequence, Lord Dalhousie issued the Indian Forest Charter in 1855, reversing the previous laissez-faire policy. Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Badri Datt Pandey, Ganga Prasad Vimal, Harikrishna Raturi, Mohan Upreti, Naima Khan Upreti, Prasoon Joshi, Shailesh Matiyani, Shekhar Joshi, Shivani, Shiv Prasad Dabral 'Charan', Taradutt Gairola, Tom Alter; Lalit Kala Akademi fellow – Ranbir Singh Bisht; Sangeet Natak Akademi Awardees – B. M. Shah, Narendra Singh Negi, Prem Matiyani and Urmil Kumar Thapliyal; Sahitya Akademi Awardees – Leeladhar Jagudi, Manglesh Dabral, Manohar Shyam Joshi, Ramesh Chandra Shah, Ruskin Bond and Viren Dangwal; Jnanpith Awardee and Sahitya Akademi fellow Sumitranandan Pant are some major literary, artistic and theatre personalities from the state. Urban areas are categorised into three types of municipalities based on their population; municipal corporations, each administered by a municipal commissioner, municipal councils and, nagar panchayats (town councils), each of them administered by a chief executive officer. Kumaoni Bada. The winter capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city of the state, which is a rail head. During 2010, wheat production was 831 thousand tonnes and rice production was 610 thousand tonnes, while the main cash crop of the state, sugarcane, had a production of 5058 thousand tonnes. Silver and gold jewellery is a significant part of traditional Uttarakhand attire. Himalayan rivers, lakes, and glaciers. It is the first Prayag on the way to Badrinath. Ramnagar is also popular for having so many resorts for the tourists to accommodate. (1995). Due to its proximity to the Himalaya ranges, the place is full of hills and mountains and is suitable for trekking, climbing, skiing, camping, rock climbing, and paragliding. Once in 12 years, a procession of the image of Uma Devi is taken around a few villages in the sub-divisional town of Karnaprayag. Uttarakhand is a state North Indian region of Himalayas. [102] The service sector of Uttarakhand mainly includes tourism, information technology, higher education, and banking. [98] For travelling locally, the state, like most of the country, has auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws. The Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests and the drier Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands cover the lowlands along the Uttar Pradesh border in a belt locally known as Bhabar. [45] It was largely female activists that played pivotal roles in the movement. Uttarakhand: past, present, and future. The Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of its flowers and plants. The other version of the legend states that the confluence derives its name from the Yadava king Nanda, the foster-father of god Krishna. A steep row of steps from the temple along a spur leads to the confluence point. [10][11] There is temple for Gopal, a form of Krishna, here. It has a rich culture of which, music and dance are an integral part. [109] They are located at different altitudes varying from 800 to 5400 metres. Cities . Binsar Devta is a popular Hindu temple in the area. [48] These two along with Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. [13], Karn Prayag (30°15′49″N 79°12′56″E / 30.2637°N 79.2156°E / 30.2637; 79.2156 (Karn Prayag)) is the location where Alaknanda River is joined by the Pindar River that originates from the Pindar glacier, below the Nanda Devi hill range. The incumbent Acting Chief Justice of Uttarakhand is Justice Ravi Malimath.[65]. Deutsch 2 505 000+ Artikel. Another classic work by the same author called the Abhijnana-shakuntala also mentions that Shakuntala and king Dushyanta's romantic daliance occurred here. After India attained independence from the British, the Garhwal Kingdom was merged into the state of Uttar Pradesh, where Uttarakhand composed the Garhwal and Kumaon Divisions. Renamed the 'Imperial Forest Research Institute' in 1906, it is now known as the Forest Research Institute. 150000 Sq feet covered area for two nos of IQF lines and storage facility about 9000 MT. Resham Majri, Haridwar Road, Dehradun - 248140 UttaraKhand (INDIA) Phone : +91-135-2499234 / 262 Toll free no. [94][95] In the summer season of 2016, a large portion of forests in Uttarakhand caught fires and rubbled to ashes during Uttarakhand forest fires incident, which resulted in the damage of forest resources worth billions of rupees and death of 6 people with hundreds of wild animals died during fires. ISBN 81-7099-171-4; Fonia, K. S. (1987). Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium in Dehradun is the home ground of Uttarakhand cricket team. The state is the 20th most populous state of the country having 0.83% of the population on 1.63% of the land. In later developments regarding this matter, the Supreme Court ordered a floor test to be held on 10 May with the rebels being barred from voting. They are the subject of many legends that directly link their creation to Pandavas, the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. Ten best cities of Uttarakhand one must visit", "Primary schools in Uttarakhand as of 30 September 2010", "Enrollment of (General) Children in Primary School", "Status of teachers (districtwise) as of 30 September 2010", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India : Latest news, India, Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal, Uttarakhand, J&K, sports, cricket", Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Uttarakhand&oldid=992154200, States and territories established in 2000, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Below 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) elevation lie the Himalayan subtropical pine forests. [38] These bonds formed the basis of the new political identity of Uttarakhand, which gained significant momentum in 1994, when demand for separate statehood achieved almost unanimous acceptance among both the local populace and national political parties.[39]. During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Katyuri rulers of Kumaon also known as 'Kurmanchal Kingdom'. Prominent philosophers, Indian independence activists and social-environmental activists; Anil Prakash Joshi, Anusuya Prasad Bahuguna, Basanti Devi, Chandra Singh Garhwali, Gaura Devi, Govind Ballabh Pant, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Deep Joshi, Hargovind Pant, Indramani Badoni, Jayanand Bharati, Kalu Singh Mahara, Kunwar Singh Negi, Mukandi Lal, Nagendra Saklani, Sri Dev Suman, Ram Prasad Nautiyal, Sunderlal Bahuguna and Vandana Shiva are also from Uttarakhand. [43] It stirred up the existing civil society in India, which began to address the issues of tribal and marginalised people. Crops most commonly associated with Uttarakhand are Buckwheat (locally called Kotu or Kuttu) and the regional crops, Maduwa and Jhangora, particularly in the interior regions of Kumaon and Garhwal. Rawat, A. S. (1989). Local traditional healers still use herbs, in accordance with classical Ayurvedic texts, for diseases that are usually cured by modern medicine. 2.46 trillion (US$ 33.4 billion). Simple recipes are made interesting with the use of hash seeds Jakhya as spice, chutney made of Bhang is also a regional cuisine. [75][76][77][78][79], The Uttarakhand state is the second fastest growing state in India. The most notable incident during this period was the Rampur Tiraha firing case on the night of 1 October 1994, which led to a public uproar. [112] The trek to Roopkund passes through the meadows of Bugyal. Following the hung mandate in the 2012 Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election, the Indian National Congress, having the maximum number of seats, formed a coalition government headed by Harish Rawat that collapsed on 27 March 2016, following the political turmoil as about nine MLAs of INC rebelled against the party and supported the opposition party BJP, causing Harish Rawat government to lose the majority in assembly. Higher villages rarely have access to fresh vegetables and fruit, so meat- often sundried- is an important constituent of the diet, along with plenty of locally brewed liquor to ward off the winter chills. [92] In 2011, a rare migratory bird, the bean goose, was also seen in the Jim Corbett National Park. Pal frozen Foods Having main process plant at Haldwani City, Near by Nainital. [87], West Himalayan Common Peacock (Papilio bianor polyctor), Uttarakhand has a diversity of flora and fauna. [80] Its gross state domestic product (GSDP) (at constant prices) more than doubled from ₹24,786 crore in FY2005 to ₹60,898 crore in FY2012. Other peoples of the Tibeto-Burman group known as Kirata are thought to have settled in the northern highlands as well as in pockets throughout the region, and are believed to be ancestors of the modern day Bhotiya, Raji, Jad, and Banrawat people.[34]. Resham Majri, Haridwar Road, Dehradun - 248140 UttaraKhand (INDIA) Phone : +91-135-2499234 / 262 Toll free no. However, the region was given the name Uttaranchal by the Bharatiya Janata Party led union government and Uttarakhand state government when they started a new round of state reorganisation in 1998. Tibetan Buddhism has also made its presence with the reconstruction of Mindrolling Monastery and its Buddha Stupa, described as the world's highest at Clement Town, Dehradun. Thus, they handed over the reins of their kingdom to their kin and left in search of the god Shiva and to seek his blessings. Now easily you can buy our all available products from our website. It is evident from the Ashokan edict at Kalsi in Western Garhwal that Buddhism made inroads in this region. Rishikesh view and 13 stories Shiva temple across Lakshman Jhula bridge over the Ganges. Français 2 273 000+ articles. Several of recipes are special to specific occasions or festivals. Two or three of the koda roti with dollops of ghee would provide the farmer enough energy for the whole day and keep his stomach full. [14] It is also mentioned that Swami Vivekananda mediatated here for eighteen days. There are also sizeable populations of speakers of Urdu (4.2%) and Punjabi (2.6%), both mostly found in the southern districts, Bengali (1.5%) and Bhojpuri (0.95%), both mainly present in Udham Singh Nagar district in the south-east, and Nepali (1.1%, found throughout the state, but most notably in Dehradun and Uttarkashi). In Uttarakhand, people welcome each season with a grateful heart and organize several large scale festivals around the state. Uttarakhand's diverse ethnicities have created a rich literary tradition in languages including Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, and Tharu. Nature's Strongholds: The World's Great Wildlife Reserves. 2012. The native people of Uttarakhand are generally called Uttarakhandi and sometimes specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their place of origin in either the Garhwal or Kumaon region. It then meets the Dhauli Ganges River, whose origin is from the Niti Pass, after traveling a distance of 25 km (15.5 mi) from its source to form the Vishnu Prayag (30°33′45″N 79°34′31″E / 30.5626°N 79.5754°E / 30.5626; 79.5754 (Vishnu Prayag)). According to the 2011 Census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,086,292 comprising 5,137,773 males and 4,948,519 females, with 69.77% of the population living in rural areas. The festival is celebrated on … Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. [11], The stone seat where Karna did penance is also seen here. The bill was passed by Parliament and signed into law by then President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in December 2006, and since 1 January 2007 the state has been known as Uttarakhand. Various languages are spoken here like Garhwali, Kumaoni, Bhoti and even Hindi. High Court, located in Pantnagar of the northern Railways Big one at the five for! 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