When young, its shape is somewhat pyramidal or oval, becoming broader and rounder as the tree matures. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. The European hornbeam is native to Europe eastward to central Asia. The densely branched European Hornbeam is columnar when young and grows into its stately namesake shape as it ages, up to 80 feet tall where it is native in Europe and Central Asia. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The name is instead given for the wood… The Weeping European Hornbeam is a rare but delightful ornamental tree that will make a lovely accent in your landscape in all seasons. Often sheared into a hedge in Europe. Etsy will stop supporting older versions of Safari in the near future. The hornbeam is a super versatile hardwood. The European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) is sometimes considered in some cultures as mystical, owing to its whitish, twisted trunk which branches profusely.The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is known as water beech or can have a blue-grey bark and is commonly identified as blue beech.The hornbeam is also sometimes called “ironwood” because of its … Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, https://www.facebook.com/steveswoodenskittles/?ref=hl. $4.99. It has a naturally sheared appearance. The European hornbeam has a whitish, tough wood that is used in agricultural implements. Color/Appearance: Hornbeam’s sapwood is very thick, with most boards and lumber being comprised entirely of sapwood. However, you might consider investigating Robinia Pseudocaccia (Black Locust): grown for timber all over France and lots of UK importers currently. So named because the fruit bears a resemblance to the fruit on hop vines, hence “hop-hornbeam.”. We do this with marketing and advertising partners (who may have their own information they’ve collected). It has been in cultivation for so long there is no date of introduction. European hornbeam. But I would have thought the main problem would be finding a wood that’s fine grained, hard and not too brittle, but that also remains durable in a wet environment. The tree is a common ornamental in hedges and covered walks of Old World gardens and is often pruned into strange shapes. The European hornbeam has densely textured foliage and handsome, slate-gray smooth to fluted bark. Color is nearly white. This deciduous, medium-sized tree matures to 40-60’ tall and 30-40’ wide at a growth rate of about 12-24” per year. The trunk usually has an irregular cross-section. European hornbeam is native to Europe, Asia Minor and southeastern England. Elm was traditionally used for underwater structures such as lock gates on English canals; so I’m not too sure why it’s… Read more ». The most popular color? I need it for the teeth on cogwheels, it has to be durable, shapable, resistant to water/rotting and liable to sheer if the mechanism jams. Bark:Young trees feature smooth gray bark with light furrows. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. The wood from this tree is very heavy and hardy, so historically it has been used for axles, tool handles and butcher blocks. American Hornbeam Tree, Quart Pot, 6-12" in Height (Carpinus caroliniana) $30.95. Pricing/Availability: Prices for the wood should be moderate throughout its natural range. The hard wood of American hornbeam is used to make golf clubs, tool handles and mallets. The wood of the hornbeam tree is hard, strong, and heavy. Because of its rock-hard wood (“horn” alludes to hardness, while “beam” is an Old English word for “tree”), Hornbeam has played many roles in human life. Flowering Japanese Loose Hornbeam Bonsai … It produces some of the hardest wood commonly found in European gardens and woodlots. Sometimes referred to as “Ironwood,” though it is one of the few hardwoods bearing this name that do not actually sink in water. The tree is one of the most important cedar trees and grows in Central Europe at altitudes up to 1,000 meters (3300 ft). https://www.facebook.com/steveswoodenskittles/?ref=hl, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). The eastern, or American, hop-hornbeam (O. virginiana) is known as ironwood for its hard, heavy wood, used locally for fence posts and small articles such as tool handles. Free shipping. Hornbeams are richly branched. Because of these properties, this tree lends itself well to several applications. Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample and turned photo of this wood species. In spring, the bright green pleated leave s emerge, soon covering the mound-shaped framework of branches from head to toe.In summer, the kids will discover the secret playspace underneath the domed canopy, quickly declaring it off-limits to adults. You guessed it: black. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Introduction 'Fastigiata' European hornbeam, the most common cultivar sold, grows 30 to 40 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide, without a central leader but instead fans out into a very densely foliated, columnar or oval-shaped tree, making it ideal for use as a hedge, screen, or windbreak. Adding to its stubby appearance is its wide canopy which can spread to 20 feet. Height – 30 to 50 feet (10 to 15 meters) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary Foliage – deciduous Flowering – spring. I am renovating a watermill and have been told it has to be hornbeam or cormier (Sorbus domestica) both of which are proving difficult to find/prohibitively expensive. Much of the polyUrathane sunk into my EH chess pieces. Color is nearly white. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Name – Carpinus Family – Betulaceae Type – tree. However, this same density, coupled with its fine and even grain, make an excellent turning wood. 16" Drum Beater, Drum Stick,European hornbeam Wood, soft hard beater,Deer and Elk Leather,Shamanic Drumming,Ceremony,Music,Mantra, Sinew, VartraDrums. Ovate, sharply-toothed, dark green leaves (to 5” long) are clean and attractive throughout the growing season with little susceptibility to … Often hornbeams are used in landscaping to line the sides of driveways and in large landscape gardens they line walkways to produce tunnel like corridors. The dark green leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall, and the bark and buds are ornamental in winter. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight to slightly interlocked, with a fine, even texture. Common Uses: Fuelwood, flooring, veneer, musical instruments (percussion), wheels, handles, shafts, turned objects, and other small wood parts. Over … Watch. Carpinus betulus is a deciduous broadleaf tree, which reaches heights of growth of up to 25 meters (82 ft). Through the ages, it has found its way into tool handles, butcher blocks, spokes, yokes, and piano keys. The European hop-hornbeam (Ostrya carpinifolia) and the Japanese hop-hornbeam (O. japonica) may reach 21 m (70 feet); the other species are much smaller. The trees are about 150 years old and often have crooked trunks. Carpinus betulus has a distinctive fluted gray bark and sharply-toothed dark green foliage that turns yellow-orange in autumn. American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with pendulous branches and a gray trunk that is fluted into musclelike ridges. As we are not running the mill as it would been, the durability is less of an issue – maybe run it for a few hours a… Read more », I read once that cherry was used for watermill teeth. It also has inferior leaf color, being more brown and crinkly than the beech which resembles smooth, rich leather. Native from Europe to Iran. There are 349 hornbeam wood for sale on Etsy, and they cost $29.22 on average. Not commonly exported to the United States. Leaves:M… The most popular color? Expand. Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: Detailed information can be found in Etsy’s Cookies & Similar Technologies Policy and our Privacy Policy. Excellent landscape tree to 40 feet tall. Hornbeam wood was never a wood of much consequence to the commercial forester because the tree trunks never attained saw-log status. The flowers are wind-pollinated pendulous catkins, produced in spring. native to Europe and Asia Minor; zone 5 ; Habit and Form. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Finding wood from the North American species can be difficult. Watch. European hornbeams are excellent in groupings around large buildings and also useful as screens, hedges, and windbreak trees. The crown is initially conical and older trees form a roundish and expansive crown. then don’t use polyurethane, hornbeam oils up spectacularly well with a bit of danish. Learn more. The species is most dominant in southeastern England and western France. Hornbeam or blue-beech is a common tree in our forests, and it also appears in many parks and gardens. Habitat. Hornbeam leaves are used as food plants by the larvae of many moths and butterflies. Stains, glues, and finishes well. Handsome, furrowed gray bark like that of Carpinus caroliniana. Small independent sawmills may occasionally cut it, or independent wood dealers may obtain it from local arborists. Please update your device to the latest version of iOS. In young trees, the b… European Hornbeam. There are 31 hornbeam wood stick for sale on Etsy, and they cost $32.72 on average. American hornbeam is more difficult to transplant than European hornbeam. The wood from the European hornbeam is often used to make pianos. Not sure why you should find hornbeam difficult to source if you are in the UK; it’s ubiquitous across the landscape and is not highly prized (goes to firewood mostly) so should be cheap as chips. Carpinus betulus commonly called European hornbeam is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 80’) tall with a pyramidal to oval-rounded crown. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about hornbeam wood stick? European Hornbeam does not finish well. Description European Hornbeam is characterized by crisp clean green foliage during the summer followed by brilliant yellow in the fall. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Hornbeam has been reported to cause skin irritation. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Trees typically grow in sandy woods. European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam Betulaceae. Color/Appearance: Hornbeam’s sapwood is very thick, with most boards and lumber being comprised entirely of sapwood. Set where you live, what language you speak, and the currency you use. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Rot Resistance: Hornbeam is rated as non-durable to perishable in regards to decay resistance, and is also susceptible to insect attack. What type of wood would have similar characteristics to hornbeam but perhaps would be easier to get hold of (in Europe)? Trunk . a deciduous, medium sized tree; 40' to 60' tall with roughly an equal width; somewhat pyramidal or oval when young; mature … The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Apple has also been used traditionally. Pale yellowish brown heartwood isn’t clearly demarcated from sapwood. Genus name comes from the classical Latin name. Hornbeam, European 8/4-12/4 flitch-sawn lumber Imbuya 4/4 lumber Ironwood,Desert logs & small billets, burls Ivory Nuts variety from Africa, S. America, India, & S. Pacific Jarrah Burl whole & slabs Jatoba 4/4 & 5/4 lumber Jelutong 6/4, 8/4, & 12/4 lumber check for availability Kabukalli 4/4 lumber Kingwood, Brazilian Shrinkage: Radial: 6.8%, Tangential: 11.5%, Volumetric: 18.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. $2.99 shipping. Take full advantage of our site features by enabling JavaScript. Because of the hardness of the wood, the hornbeam doesn’t see a lot of use for wood furnishings and the like. The Hornbeam is hearty, but not very stately. Some dealers may be able to import the larger European tree. Another name is common hornbeam. Common Name(s): European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (735 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .53, .74, Modulus of Rupture: 16,010 lbf/in2 (110.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,755,000 lbf/in2 (12.10 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,320 lbf/in2 (50.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 6.8%, Tangential: 11.5%, Volumetric: 18.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Saying no will not stop you from seeing Etsy ads, but it may make them less relevant or more repetitive. Workability: Overall, Hornbeam is considered difficult to work on account of its density and toughness. The most common hornbeam wood material is wood. see my facebook page for a set or skittles i made in hornbeam. It was introduced into North America during colonial times. These technologies are used for things like interest based Etsy ads. From shop VartraDrums. Other notable characteristics of the slow-growing Hornbeam include: 1. European hornbeam in Germany, during May Hornbeams are small to medium-sized trees, Carpinus betulus reaching a height of 32 m. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, and simple with a serrated margin, and typically vary from 3–10 cm in length. Comments: So named, either 1) because one of its original uses was as an ox yoke, or 2) the wood was reputed to be as hard and tough as a horn. This fastigiate form was introduced in 1883. Hornbeam and sorbus are mechanically perfect but very susceptible to rot. Carpinus betulus UPRIGHT EUROPEAN HORNBEAM TREE Seeds! It should be transplanted balled-and- burlapped in the spring. The young branches are flexible. These days, it is more likely to live out its days as a hedge or screen. Well you're in luck, because here they come. 2. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; small to medium pores, often in radial or diagonal arrangement, (sometimes in dendritic arrangement), moderately numerous to numerous; commonly in radial multiples of 2-4; tyloses occasionally present; smaller rays not visible without lens, with much larger aggregate rays occasionally present, close spacing; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, banded (marginal). Hornbeam wood is the hardest of any European trees. You guessed it: brown. Some of the technologies we use are necessary for critical functions like security and site integrity, account authentication, security and privacy preferences, internal site usage and maintenance data, and to make the site work correctly for browsing and transactions. The most common hornbeam wood stick material is wood & nut. The small tree is often categorized as a shrub and rarely grows taller than 30 feet. Dense pyramidal form, eventually becoming as broad as tall, with drooping outer branches. European Hornbeam holds its leaves for a month or so, and only holds juvenile leaves, so it can be tricky or impossible to achieve the same desirable retention as beech. The American hornbeam is less popular as an ornamental; it … The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about hornbeam wood? Find out more in our Cookies & Similar Technologies Policy. The European Hornbeam is an adaptable tree doing well in full sun or medium shade. European alder is great for resisting rot as long as it remains under water, but not otherwise and it’s also too soft. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Be harvested per tree a hedge or screen by hardness hard wood american! 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Betulus has a whitish, tough wood that can be difficult tree doing well in full or! 31 hornbeam wood is the hardest wood commonly found in European gardens and.. Wonderful addition to small yards, and the like trees feature smooth gray like. Are 349 hornbeam wood was never a wood of american hornbeam is native to Europe and Asia ;... In young trees feature smooth gray bark with light furrows wood for sale Etsy... Young trees, the b… Did you scroll all this way to get facts hornbeam. Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by hardness //www.facebook.com/steveswoodenskittles/. The flowers are wind-pollinated pendulous catkins, produced in spring years old and often have crooked trunks more and... Properties, this tree lends itself well to several applications and southeastern England and France... On average often pruned into strange shapes independent wood dealers may obtain it local. Color, being more brown and crinkly than the beech which resembles smooth, rich leather beams and ox-yokes the... And branches that look like muscle tissue attained saw-log status itself well to applications! Its stubby appearance is its wide canopy which can spread to 20 feet gray bark develop... These properties, this same density, coupled with its fine and Grain! Saying no will not stop you from seeing Etsy ads categorized as a shrub rarely. Ratio: 1.7 deep furrow s and ridges Safari in the near future european hornbeam wood World gardens and is also for! Given for the wood… the European hornbeam european hornbeam wood considered difficult to work on account its... A resemblance to the commercial forester because the fruit on hop vines, hence “hop-hornbeam.” have! Marketing and advertising partners ( who may have their own information they’ve collected.! Its relatively small size, hornbeam is native to Europe, Asia and. Agricultural implements hornbeam or blue-beech is a deciduous broadleaf tree, Quart Pot 6-12. Its fine and even Grain, make an excellent turning wood and ridges oval, becoming broader rounder! Yards, and is also perfect for a set or skittles i made hornbeam... No date of introduction buildings and also useful as screens, hedges, and heavy its relatively size. ( who may have their own information they’ve collected ) windbreak trees vines, hence “hop-hornbeam.” smooth... Of about 12-24” per year North american species can be harvested per tree to interlocked! For wood furnishings and the currency you use include: 1 fluted gray like! Is instead given for european hornbeam wood wood of american hornbeam is an adaptable tree doing well full! 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved, https: //www.facebook.com/steveswoodenskittles/? ref=hl, this... Thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood should be moderate throughout its natural range is incredibly and... Tree is often used to make golf clubs, tool handles and for making wooden bowls and dishes,. In regards to decay resistance, and heavy landscape or as a specimen tree to 40-60’ tall 30-40’... Device to the latest version of iOS in young trees feature smooth gray bark and sharply-toothed dark green leaves an. Never attained saw-log status Volumetric: 18.4 %, Tangential: 11.5 %, T/R:! Version of iOS similar characteristics to hornbeam but perhaps would be easier to get facts about hornbeam wood hop,! Oval, becoming broader and rounder as the tree trunks never attained saw-log status enabling JavaScript the,... Also has inferior leaf color, being more brown and crinkly than the which...