Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' ... Growth rate is slow to medium. Nyssa sylvatica is known as a shade tree with shining dark green Summer foliage, excellent fall color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Flooded conditions are tolerated only if … The black tupelo grows well in in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam and well-drained soils. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Foliage Color : Green. Sour Gum has the most unbelievable glossy orange to red fall color. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Yields small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten by many species of birds and mammals. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Other common names: Tupelo, Pepperidge Tree. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Reviews. Shape: Upright pyramidal to oval Foliage: Bright green, glossy Fall Color: Bright red Symmetrical, uniform branch structure and straight central leader make this cultivar both easier to … Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. N.C. ... 9 | Fall Color: Red | Growth Rate: Medium | Adaptability: Urban Tolerant, Wet Soil Tolerant. Makes a strong specimen tree. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. Mature Height: 40-60 ft. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Habit Rounded Upright. The nectar from the flowers is sought after by bees and Tupelo honey is highly prized. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). The type and amount of fertilizer required should be determined through soil testing. Nyssa sylvatica. Female trees only. Latin: Nyssa sylvatica. Provides stunning fall color, bringing many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple and scarlet. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Mature Height: 30-50 ft. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. sylvatica) is also widely known as blackgum; other common names include sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, and … Mature Height: 30-50 ft tall Spreads 20-30 ft. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with Fruits are available August-October. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. Will grow 50 to 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. New foliage growth is a bright red, turning dark green during summer and then fiery red in fall. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. The spring flowers are a nectar source for bees. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. View the full image. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. Attributes Berries Deciduous Fall Color. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Blackgum1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sourgum is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk (Fig. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. Slow growth rate American Smoketree, with its lime-green foliage, makes a wonderful companion plant. About the Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica. Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. Nyssa sylvatica Figure 1. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. Produces interesting greenish-white flowers that resemble a petal-less spirea. Growth Rate : Slow to moderate. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. To showcase Wildfire’s new growth, avoid planting the tree among or in front of dark-colored objects or trees. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. Sku #6295. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Common Name: Blackgum (Black Tupelo) Latin Name: Nyssa sylvatica: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Foliage Color Green (dark) Landscape uses Specimen. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. Features alternate, simple leaves 3–6" in length with an ovate, obovate or elliptical shape that are extremely glossy and dark green in the summer. Mature Width: 30-40 ft. Sunlight: Full Sun: Growth Rate: Fast: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Does Not Ship To: AZ: Grows Well In Zones: In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous native tree. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Nyssa sylvatica Sapling and Pole Stages to Maturity Growth andYield-Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 m (120 ft) and diameters up to 122 cm (48 in) at breast height on the most favorable sites. Description. One of the most attractive native trees around. Mature Width: 20-30 ft. Sunlight: Full-Partial: Growth Rate: Slow: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'NSUHH' PP# 22,951: Does Not Ship To: Sun Exposure : Full Sun - Partial Sun . The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. BLACK TUPELO Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica var. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica 'Northern Splendor™' Nyssa sylvatica Sourgum . Soil Type : Widely adaptable . The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. Prefers well-drained, acid soils, and full sun to partial shade. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. 1). Soil Moisture : Moist well-drained . The growth rate and longevity of this tree are moderate. ... Growth rate: Moderate. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica ... Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Zones : 5 - 9 . Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide on old trunks. The resulting honey is light and mild-tasting, fetching a high price, especially in Florida where it is a million dollar business annually. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. Sour Gum’s ecological niche is very interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops. Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. These trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. Flowering Time Spring. Foliage: Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellowish-apricot to bright scarlet in autumn, creating a spectacular autumn display. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. A selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica Wildfire. Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. More Photos. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, ... Linnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. Most trees would grow in one area or the other, but not both. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. View Map. Since it grows natively no farther north than southern Cook County, Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. Height: 11 x 6m. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Habit & Growth rate: Conical, becoming rounded with age, irregular branching considered a slow grower. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvaticaForum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Fall Color : Orange and red. Growth Rate Medium. Needs plenty of sun and good garden soil. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Exposure: Sun. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odom' available May 2021. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. of red a year. View the full image; View the full image. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. With the except of heart rot occurring in older branches and adjacent areas of the trunk, it has relatively few problems with insects or disease. View the full image. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Write a Review. Zones: 4-9. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. Young Blackgum. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. Flower Color : Not showy. The black tupelo can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Resistant to fire. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. This red color holds up well in the heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps. Nyssa sylvatica 'PRP1' PPAF ... pyramidal branching. Afterburner® Tupelo. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. Native of Eastern US , Native of North America Image Size Quantity 1-9 10+ 3" This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles.